An Engineering degree will prepare individuals to apply their knowledge of math and science to develop solutions to technical problems in our society. There are many different types of engineers such as:
- Mechanical engineers design, develop, and supervise the manufacturing of tools, engines, machines, and other mechanical equipment.
- Civil engineers design and manage the construction of buildings, bridges, transportation systems, tunnels, dams, and sewage systems.
- Electrical engineers create, develop, and test, and oversee the manufacturing of electrical equipment.
- Software Engineers design, develop, test, and evaluate computer software applications
- Environmental Engineers use their knowledge of biology and chemistry to solve environmental problems, which include water and air pollution, public health issues, recycling, and waste disposal.
Engineers usually need a bachelor's degree in engineering or a related specialty to get a job. However, any engineer that wants to work with the public will need to be licensed. In order to become a licensed engineer, you must earn a degree from a n ABET (Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology, Inc.) accredited college or university, have 4 years of relevant work experience, and pass a state examination.
Some engineers go to a 2 year college, and then switch to an engineering school, instead of earning a 4 year bachelor degree. There are also master’s degrees in engineering, and cooperative programs where students have classroom learning and paid work experience.
Job Opportunities for Engineers
Employment change for all engineering jobs is expected to grow by 11 percent between 2008 and 2018. An increased demand for engineers for research and development, consulting services, and jobs throughout the entire engineering industry will generate this growth. Job opportunities will also vary depending on the type of engineer you are.
Source: Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2010-2011 Edition; Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor.